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LA Integrated Tram System | Vision 2040


The tram system for LA in 2040 is an opportunity-based project from the customer’s standpoint. It provides care for under-served groups such as lower-income families, older adults, and people with disabilities. The tram service decentralizes the current public transport system by using the space underground and improves the efficiency of the under-utilized streets and railways.


Today’s transportation in LA


- Lack of “short-trip” mental model;


- Spontaneity still needs to be enhanced -- too much space for vehicles limits mobility to "A to B";


- Compromised social activities -- excessive flexibility of the public transit system makes people lose control over their own daily schedules.

Is INCLUSIVE public transport given enough focus?

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Emma Cohen (29)

Female Lead In A Lower-income Family

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Debbie Amor (49)

​Wheelchair User

The current public transit network fails to adequately meet the needs of those who rely on it the most.

Autonomous buses and trains are the future, but they are not solutions by themselves—they rely on social movement to achieve inclusion. The best way is to directly empower the excluded groups.

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​VISION 2020-2050

​Towards car-lite ecosystem that improves both efficiency and subjective experience

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Design Ideation


Macrosystem—regional transportation

Tram Ingress/egress

The underground tram network that connects to

the existing railway

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Design Ideation


Underground pick-up zone

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Design Ideation


Downtown ground-level pick-up zone

​Without the station, the tram will take the elevator itself after picking up the passengers.

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Underground Train Network

Reclaim the space for more social activities, jobs and housing;


Increased visibility between layers;

Keep all pick-up locations on the ground and close to people’s desired destinations

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​User Scenario

Space and handrails provided for wheelchair users

​Tram will stop close to curbs for​ people with wheelchairs or baby strollers

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